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Modern Panjistani langauge


(former names: Pothwari, Dhanni, Western Pahari, Jehlumi,mirpuri, Poonchi, North-Eastern Panjabi, North-eastern lahnda, etc).


Historical Background.

In 1919, Grierson maintained that the dialects of what is now the southwest of Punjab Province in Pakistan constitute a dialect cluster, which he designated "Southern Lahnda" within a putative "Lahnda language". Some Indo-Aryanist linguists have confirmed the reality of this dialect cluster, even while sometimes rejecting the name "Southern Lahnda" along with the entity "Lahnda" itself.[13][14] However, outside of Indo-Aryanist circles, the concept of "Lahnda" or "Lahndi" is still found in compilations of the world's languages.

There is a tendency for some discussions of the Saraiki dialects and their emerging standard literary language to incorrectly include dialects or languages spoken farther north, in particular Hindko and modern Panjistani (pothwari/mirpuri).

This error is due to confusing Saraiki (Grierson's "Southern Lahnda") with Grierson's larger category of Lahnda, within which Grierson included dialects spoken north of the Salt Range, now called Hindko and modern Panjistani (Potwari, Mirpuri) ascertined by Mohammd Afzal of London UK.

These northern lahnda,(NL) clusters are now called panjistani (ascertained by m. afzal, london,uk;2009) and the language spoken in northern panjab and azad kashmir regions and another related lauguage formerly called western lahnda(WL) cluster (modern Hindko) is spoken in kyber pakhtoonkha.

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