Punjab is a region of South Asia that was part of the British Raj but was partitioned, in the 1947 independence, between Pakistan and India. Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan and one of the most fertile regions.
The province is bordered by Kashmir, the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan to the east, the province of Sindh to the south, the province of Balochistan to the southwest, the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the west, and the Islamabad Capital Territory to the north.
The Punjab is home to the Punjabis and various other groups. The main languages are Punjabi and Saraiki and the dialects of Mewati and Potowari. The name Punjab derives from the Persian words Panj (Five), and Aab (Water). Names of the five rivers are: Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej.